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Astrophysics Colloquium

Characterization of Giant Planets and Light Brown Dwarf Companions on Wide Orbits with VLT/SPHERE
Presented by Mickael Bonnefoy
Institute of Planetology and Astrophysics of Grenoble, France

Thursday, October 11, 2018
11:00 A.M. in 169-336

The SHINE survey conducted on the SPHERE high contrast imager at VLT is targeting 400-500 nearby stars to characterize the giant planet population beyond 5 AU. Once a companion is resolved, the collection of sub-instruments of SPHERE can uniquely provide its spectrum, photometry, and astrometry from 0.5 to 2.5 microns. That information is used to better understand the orbital, physical, and chemical properties of the objects, and in turn to access the formation modes and dynamical evolution of planetary systems.

During the past three years, we have achieved through SHINE a complete characterization of all known bona-fide planets discovered so far (HR8799 bcde, 51 Eri b), as well as some benchmark brown dwarf companions (GJ504b, ...). We also found new systems with peculiar architectures and atmospheric properties. I will describe the most tantalizing (and sometimes puzzling) results obtained thus far and explain what they tell us about the atmosphere of giant planets, their connection to brown-dwarf atmospheres, and their origins.

JPL Contact: Virginie Faramaz (4-3664)

SVCP Astrophysics

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